George IV was the King of Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Ireland. and was King of Hanover from 29 January 1820 until the death of his father, King George III. Several years later he was serving as Prince Regent from 1811 during his father’s final mental illness.
George IV Bio
|Name||George Augustus Frederick|
|Nickname||King George IV|
|Birth||12 August 1762 at St James’s Palace|
|Birthplace||St James’s Palace, London, United Kingdom|
|Ascended to the throne||January 29, 1820, aged 57 years|
|Crowned||July 19 1821 at Westminster Abbey|
|Reigned||10 years, 4 months, and 26 days|
|death||June 26 1830 at Windsor Castle, aged 67 years, 10 months, and 12 days|
|Burial||15 July 1830, St George’s Chapel, Windsor, United Kingdom|
George was born on 12 August 1762 at St James’s Palace in London. He automatically became Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothschild at birth. A few days later he was made Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester. He was baptized by Thomas Secker, Archbishop of Canterbury, on 18 September of the same year.
King George Iv Family
George IV’s father’s name is George III. And his mother’s name is Mary of Teck. George IV has a brother 8 and a sister 6. As the eldest son of a British sovereign, his godparents were his uncle Adolphus Frederick IV, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. his uncle Prince William, Duke of Cumberland; and his grandmother, Dover, Princess of Wales. George was a gifted student. and quickly learned to speak French, German and Italian in addition to his native English.
|Mother||Mary of Teck|
|Wife||Caroline of Brunswick (1795 -1796), Maria Fitzherbert (1785 – 1830)|
She is a hot and beautiful woman. One who owns a great body structure. The height of George IV is 130 cm. George IV feet 5’0″. Talking about the physical structure of George IV, its physical structure measurement is not known. George IV’s weight is 111 kg. George IV has beautiful and bright black eyes and brown hair.
|Height ( approx )||in centimeters: 130 (1797)|
in meters: 1.30
feet & inches : 5’0″
|weight||KG : 111 kg|
Regency crisis of 1788
In the summer of 1788, the king’s mental health had deteriorated. He was still able to perform some of his duties, possibly as a result of the hereditary disease porphyria. And was able to announce the term of parliament from 25 September to 20 November.
He had risked his life during his tenure. And when Parliament was reconstituted in November. So the king could not deliver the traditional speech from the throne during the state inauguration of parliament.
Parliament finds itself in a precarious position. According to the long-established law, it cannot proceed in any business unless the king’s speech is given at the inauguration of the kingdom. However, logic prevented him from doing so.
But Parliament had started a debate on a regency. Charles James Fox in the House of Commons expressed his opinion that the Prince of Wales is automatically entitled to exercise sovereignty during the incapacity of the King.
The opposite opinion was put forth by Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger. who argued that Parliament alone had the power to choose a regent in the absence of contrary law.
He also said that without parliamentary authority “the Prince of Wales has no more power to handle the government than any other individual matter in the country.”
Despite disagreeing on the principle of regency, Pitt agreed with Fox that the Prince of Wales would be the most favorable choice for the regent. The Prince of Wales – though hurt by Pitt’s courage – did not fully support Fox’s view.
Prince Frederick, Duke of York, brother of the Prince of Wales, declared that George would not attempt to exercise any power without first obtaining Parliament’s consent.
After the initial resolutions were passed, Peet outlined a formal plan for the regency. This shows that the powers of the Prince of Wales were very limited.
In other cases, the Prince of Wales would not be able to either sell the King’s estate or honor someone other than the King’s child. The Prince of Wales condemned Pitt’s plan, calling it “a project to create weakness, disorder, and insecurity in every branch of government”.
Both sides had agreed to make a settlement in the interest of the country. A significant technical hurdle in any Regency bill is the lack of speech from the throne.
which was required before Parliament could proceed with any debate or vote. The speech was usually given by the king. But could also be given by royal representatives.
Who was called the Lord’s Commissioner? But no document can authorize the Lord’s Commissioners to act unless it is put on the seal of the great realm. A seal cannot legally be sealed without the prior authorization of the sovereign. The last requirement was ignored by Pitt and his fellow ministers.
and instructed the Lord Chancellor to impose the Great Seal without the consent of the king. Because it was the act of imposing the Great Seal.
which gave legal force to the bill. This legal narrative was condemned by Edmund Burke as “forgery, fraud”, a “blatant lie” and “obvious absurdity”. The Duke of York called the plan “unconstitutional and illegal”.
Still others in Parliament felt that such a plan was necessary to maintain effective government. As a result, Parliament was formally opened by an “illegal” group of Lord’s Commissioners, more than two months after the convention, on 3 February 1789. The Regency Bill was introduced. But before its passage, the king was cured. Declared retrospectively that the Lord’s Commissioners were authorized to act.
When George III died in 1820. So 57-year-old Prince George IV ascended the throne as a monarch without any real change in his authority. He was obese at the time of his admission. And were probably addicted to Lodenum. George IV’s relationship with his wife, Caroline, deteriorated as soon as he entered.
They had separated by 1796. And there was a relationship between the two. In 1814, Caroline left the United Kingdom for continental Europe. But had decided to return for her husband’s coronation. and publicly claimed her rights as queen consort.
Although he refused to recognize Caroline as Queen. and ordered the British ambassadors to ensure that the monarchs do the same in foreign courts. By royal order, Caroline’s name was removed from the Church of England’s Book of Common Prayer. The king had sought a divorce.
But her advisors suggested that the details of her adulterous relations could be published by the king in any divorce proceedings.
So he requested to introduce Pain and Punishment Bill. Under which Parliament can impose legal punishment without trial in a court of law. Bill would annul the marriage and deprive Caroline of the title of Queen. This bill was extremely unpopular among the people. And it was withdrawn from Parliament.
Nevertheless, George had decided to remove his wife from the coronation at Westminster Abbey on 19 July 1821. Caroline fell ill that day. And he died on 7 August. During her final illness, she often said that she thought she had been poisoned.
The coronation of George was a luxurious and costly affair. Which cost around £243,000. Despite the great price, it was a popular event. The king became the first monarch since Richard II of England to visit the Kingdom of Ireland in 1821. The following year they visited Edinburgh for “Another Twenty Days”. His visit to Scotland, organized by Sir Walter Scott, was the first by a ruler since the middle of the 17th century.
George spent most of his later reign in seclusion at Windsor Castle. But continued to interfere in politics. It was previously thought to support Catholic emancipation. Because he proposed a Catholic Emancipation Bill for Ireland in 1797.
But his anti-Catholic views became apparent in 1813 when he finally defeated the 1813 Catholic Relief Bill. 1824 He was publicly denouncing Catholic emancipation. After taking his coronation oath, George now argued that he had sworn to uphold the Protestant faith. And Catholic supporters could not support either move.
The influence of the Crown was so great. And the will of the Tories under Prime Minister Liverpool was so strong that Catholic emancipation seemed hopeless. In 1827 however, Liverpool retired and was replaced by pro-liberation supporter Tory George Canning. When Canning entered the office. So the king was content to personally instruct his ministers on the Catholic question.
It was fitting to publicly declare that his feelings on this question were those of his respected father, George III. Canning’s views on the Catholic question were not well received by most of the Tories, including the Duke of Wellington. As a result, the ministry was forced to engage the Whigs. Canning died that year.
Lord Godrich was left to lead the Tory-Whig coalition. Goderich resigned in 1828. To be succeeded by Wellington who accepted by that time that the refusal of some relief to Roman Catholics was politically untenable.
George was not as friendly with Wellington as he was with Canning and decided to annoy the Duke by pretending to fight at Waterloo under the guise of a German general. On 29 January 1829, Wellington received King’s assent to introduce the Relief Bill.
Under pressure from his staunchly anti-Catholic brother, the Duke of Cumberland, the king withdrew his approval. And the cabinet had resigned en masse in protest.
4 March The next day the king, who was now under intense political pressure. Reluctantly agreed to the bill and the ministry remained in power. The Catholic Relief Act received Royal Assent on 13 April.
As Prince of Wales, George’s coat of arms was the royal coat of arms. Which was different from Argentina’s three-point label. The arms included a royal crest and supporters. But with the arched crown of his order, all were fitted with the same label on the shoulder.
Their arms were converted into royal arms in 1801. When the Hanoverian Quarter became insignificance and the French Quarter was completely abolished. The change of 1816 had no effect on him as it applied only to the hand of the king.
George IV Marriage
George IV ruled from 1810 to 1820 during his father’s period of insanity. He had several mistresses and in 1785 he secretly married a Catholic widow, Maria Fitzherbert, in violation of the Settlement Act and the Royal Marriage Act. He was forced to end his marriage to Mrs.
Fitzherbert. And in exchange for paying off the debt, he officially married Caroline of Brunswick. which he hated. So much so that he had become King George IV upon his father’s death when he married her in 1820. So he refused to let her go. Attend his coronation. They had one child, Princess Charlotte. But George refused to recognize Caroline as Queen. And had tried many times to annul her marriage to him. Bed claimed in 1821 that he had been poisoned.
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Awards – Honours
- Royal Knight of the Garter
- Privy Counsellor
- Fellow of the Royal Society
- Doctor of Civil Law, University of Oxford
- Founder of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George
- George resumed his royal tours after his father’s prolonged illness. He visited Ireland and Hanover in 1821. and Scotland in 1822 which had not been visited by the king since the Scottish coronation of Charles II in 1651.
- were able to formally resume their duties. It was a period of nine years. which was known as the Regency. Which extended to him his support of the arts.
- George was in a sensitive position regarding his cabinet of ministers. His concern for royal rights was scattered. When Prime Minister Lord Liverpool fell ill in 1827, George suggested at one point that ministers should choose a successor to Liverpool. In 1829 George IV was forced by his ministers to agree to Catholic emancipation. This emancipation enabled the monarchy to play a more national role by reducing religious discrimination contrary to his will and interpretation of his coronation oath.
- George’s carelessness and marital difficulties meant that he never achieved much popularity. And he spent his last years in solitary confinement at Windsor when he died at the age of 67. With the death of his only daughter Child, the throne was passed to his next brother, William, Duke. There was William IV as Clarence.
king george iv death
By the late 1820s, George’s heavy drinking and indulgent lifestyle had a serious impact on his health. Despite being the Prince of Wales, he became obese due to his huge festivals and excessive consumption of alcohol. Which made him the subject of ridicule on the rare occasions that he appeared in public.
By 1797, this 17 stone had reached 7 pounds (111 kg; 245 lb). By 1824 his corset was made for a waist of 50 inches (130 cm). He suffers from arthritic arteriosclerosis, peripheral edema (“dropsy”), and possibly porphyria. In his last years, he spent the whole day in bed and was suffering from shortness of breath.
which made him semi-conscious. George died on 26 June 1830 at 3:15 pm. An autopsy by his physicians revealed that George had died of upper gastrointestinal bleeding as a result of a ruptured blood vessel in his abdomen.
- Also read : King George III Biography, Marriage, Wiki bio,
Q. What is George IV’s wife’s name?
A. Maria Fitzherbert
Q. Who succeeded George IV?
A. King William IV
Q. When did George IV become Prince Regent?
A. George IV was 48 when he became Regent in 1811, as a result of the illness of his father, George III. He succeeded to the throne in January 1820.
Q. What was George IV’s nickname?
A. George Augustus Frederick
Q. How did George IV die?
A. He had upper gastrointestinal bleeding as a result of a rupture of a blood vessel in his abdomen.
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