George V Biography, Birth, Family, Marriage, Interesting Fact, Honours

George V was the King of the United Kingdom and the British Empire and Emperor of India from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936. Born during the reign of his grandmother Queen Victoria, George was third in the line of succession after his father, Prince Albert Edward, and his older brother, Prince Albert Victor. George served in the Royal Navy from 1877 to 1892. He was directly in line for the throne until the untimely death of his older brother in early 1892. After Victoria’s death in 1901, George’s father Edward VII ascended the throne, and George was made Prince of Wales. After the death of his father in 1910, he became king-emperor.

George V Bio

NameGeorge V
Full nameGeorge Frederick Ernest Albert
Birth3 June 1865
BirthplaceMarlborough House, London, United Kingdom
Zodiac signGemini
NationalityUK
Date of Death20 January 1936
Place of DeathSandringham Estate, United Kingdom
SignatureGeorge V's signature

Birth

George was born on 3 June 1865 at Marlborough House, London. Charles Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury, was baptized at Windsor Castle on 7 July 1865.

George V Family

George V’s father’s name is Edward VII. He is the Prince of Wales. His mother’s name is Alexandra of Denmark. George V was the second son of Princess Alexandra of Wales. George V’s brother’s name is Alexander John, Prince Albert Victor. He has 3 sisters Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, Maud of Wales, Louise, Princess Royal. George V’s wife’s name is Mary of Teck, that couple has two sons.

FatherEdward VII
MotherAlexandra of Denmark
brotherAlexander John, Prince Albert Victor
sisterPrincess Victoria of the United Kingdom,
Maud of Wales,
Louise, Princess Royal
WifeMary of Teck
Son2
daughter

Physical Measurement

Height ( approx )in centimeters: 168
in meters: 1.68
feet & inches: 10.2
weightNot Available
body structureNot Available
Eye colorblack
Hair colorbrown

King and emperor

Edward VII died on 6 May 1910. And George became king. George never liked his wife’s habit of signing official documents and letters as “Victoria Mary” and insisted that one of them be left. Both thought that she should not be called Queen Victoria and so she became Queen Mary. Later that year a fanatical preacher, Edward Mylius, published a lie that George had secretly married in Malta as a young man. And that he was married in great numbers to Queen Mary. Lies was first published in 1893. But George had withheld it as a joke. In an attempt to suppress the rumors, Milius was arrested. and was convicted of criminal defamation. and was sentenced to one year in prison.

George objected to the anti-Catholic wording of the Entry Declaration that he was required to make at the opening of his first parliament. He made it clear that he would refuse to open Parliament until it was replaced. As a result, the Accession Declaration Act of 1910 shortened the declaration. And the most offensive phrases were removed. The coronation of George and Mary took place on 22 June 1911 at Westminster Abbey. and was celebrated by the Imperial Feast in London. In July, the King and Queen visited Ireland for five days. He was warmly welcomed. Thousands of people were en route to his procession with enthusiasm. Later in 1911 the king and queen went to India for the Delhi Durbar. Where he appeared as the Emperor and Empress of India on 12 December 1911 in front of an assembled audience of Indian dignitaries and princes.

George wore the newly created royal crown of India. At the ceremony and the transfer of the Indian capital from Calcutta to Delhi was announced. He was the only emperor of India to be present in his Delhi court. He traveled all over the subcontinent and George took the opportunity to engage in big game hunting in Nepal. In 10 days, 21 tigers, 8 rhinos, and bears were shot. He was an enthusiastic and expert marksman. On 18 December 1913, he shot more than a thousand partridges in six hours at Hall Barn, the home of Lord Burnham. Although George also admitted that “we went too far” that day.

National politics

George inherited the throne in a time of political turmoil. Lloyd George’s People’s Budget was rejected last year by the Conservative and Unionist-dominated House of Lords. Contrary to the common practice that lords do not veto money bills. Liberal Prime Minister H.H. Asquith asked the previous king to guarantee that he would make a generous enough ally to push the budget through the House. Edward reluctantly agreed. Provided the Lords rejected the budget after two consecutive general elections. After the general election in January 1910, the Conservative Allies allowed the budget to be passed without a vote. For which the government now had an electoral mandate. Asquith sought to reduce the power of the Lords through constitutional amendments. Which was again blocked by the Upper House.

The Constitutional Convention on Reforms was broken in November 1910 after 21 meetings. Asquith and Lord’s Crew, the Liberal leader in the Lords, asked George to disband. This led to a second general election and the Lords again promised to make enough liberal allies to block the law. If George refused, the Liberal government would have resigned otherwise. Giving the impression that King was taking sides with “companions against the people” in party politics, two of King’s personal secretaries, the Liberal Lord Knowles and the Unionist Lord Stamfordheim, gave conflicting advice to George. Knowles advised George to accept the demands of the cabinet. While Stamfordham advised George to accept his resignation. Like his father, George reluctantly agreed to the dissolution and formation of the Allies. However, he felt that his ministers had taken advantage of his inexperience to intimidate him.

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The bill was allowed to be passed after the December 1910 general election after Lords heard threats to enter the house with new allies. The subsequent Parliament Act 1911 was repealed permanently. With few exceptions, the Lord’s power to veto bills was realized by King later if the Liberals had resigned. So Knowles withheld information from him about the opposition’s desire to form a government. The general election of 1910 had left the Liberals dependent on the support of the Irish Nationalist Party as a minority government. At the behest of the Nationalists, Asquith introduced legislation that would give home rule to Ireland but was opposed by conservatives and federalists. As anger grew over the Home Rule Bill which would never have been possible without an Act of Parliament. Relations between the elderly Noli and the conservatives deteriorated and he was pushed into retirement.

Fearing the prospect of a civil war in Ireland between the Unionists and the Nationalists, George called an all-party meeting at Buckingham Palace in July 1914. Four days later the conference had ended without any agreement. Political developments in Britain and Ireland overtook events in Europe, and the issue of Irish Home Rule was postponed for the duration of the war.

First World War

On 4 August 1914, the king wrote in his diary that I had called a council at 10.45 am to declare war on Germany. It is a terrible disaster but it is not our fault. … for God’s sake may it end soon.” From 1914 to 1918 Britain and its allies were at war with the central power led by the German Empire. The German Kaiser Wilhelm II who embodied all the horrors of war to the British public was the first cousin of the king. The king’s grandfather was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Consequently, the king and his children bore the German titles Prince and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and the Duke and Duchess of Saxony the German Although Queen Mary, like her mother, was born in England.

She was the daughter of the Duke of Teck. She was a descendant of the German Duke of W. Württemberg. Raja had siblings and cousins ​​who were British subjects. But those who had German titles such as Duke and Duchess of Teck, Prince, and Princess of Battenberg and Prince and Princess of Schleswig-Holstein. When H.G. Wells wrote of Britain’s “foreign and indifferent courts”. To which George replied. “I may be nostalgic, but if I were a foreigner I would have been at a great disadvantage.” On 17 July 1917, George pacified British nationalist sentiments by issuing a Royal Proclamation. which changed the name of the British royal house from the German-sounding Sex-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor. He and all his British relatives had renounced their German titles and styles. and adopted the British voiced surname. George compensated his male relatives by giving them British equivalents.

His cousin Prince Louis of Battenberg had previously been forced to resign as First Sea Lord due to anti-German sentiments in the war. Louis Mountbatten became the first Marquess of Milford Haven. While Adolphus Cambridge, brother of Queen Mary, became 1st Marquess of Cambridge. In gazetted letters dated 11 December 1917, the King restricted the style of “Royal Highness” and the title “Prince of Great Britain and Ireland” to the children of the Sovereign. The eldest surviving son of the Sovereign and the eldest son of the Prince of Wales The letter patent also states that “the titles of Royal Highness, Highness or Quiet Highness, and the little pride of Prince and Princess shall cease to exist until that they have not already been granted and are not payable”. Relatives of George who fought on the German side. Such as Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, and Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg, and their British peers were suspended from the council by order of 1919 under provisions of Gotha. 1917 Under pressure from his mother, Queen Alexandra, the King also removed the garter flag of his German ties from St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle.

When the first cousin of Tsar Nicholas II George of Russia was overthrown in the Russian Revolution of 1917. So the British government gave political asylum to the Tsar and his family. But the situation worsened for the British people, and there was a fear that the revolution might come to the British. Ailes leads George to think that the Romanovs’ presence would be seen as inappropriate. Despite later claims by Lord Mountbatten of Burma that Prime Minister David Lloyd George was opposed to protecting the Russian royal family. Letters from Lord Stamfordham indicate that George V opposed the idea against the advice of the government. Advance planning for the defense was initiated by MI1, a branch of the British Secret Service. But the plan was never implemented due to the strong position of the Bolshevik revolutionaries and the widespread difficulties in waging war. The Tsar and his immediate family lived in Russia.

where he was executed by the Bolsheviks in 1918. George wrote in his diary “It was a dishonest murder. I was devoted to Nicky. Was the most kind and thorough gentleman. Loved his country and people.” The following year Nicholas’s mother Mary Fedorovna and other members of the extended Russian royal family were rescued from Crimea by a British warship. Two months after the end of the war, John, the king’s youngest son, died of ill health at the age of 13. George was informed of his death by Queen Mary. Who wrote was a big concern for us for many years… The first break in the family circle is hard to bear but the people were very kind and sympathetic and that has helped us a lot.”

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In May 1922, the king visited Belgium and northern France. World War I cemeteries and monuments maintained by the Royal War Graves Commission were visited. This event is described in Rudyard Kipling’s poem ‘The King’s Pilgrim’. This tour and a brief visit to Italy in 1923 were the only time after the war’s end that George agreed to leave the United Kingdom on official business.

Postwar reign

Before World War I, most of Europe was ruled by the kings of George. But during and after the war the kings of Austria, Germany, Greece, and Spain, like Russia, had fallen in revolution and war. In March 1919, Lieutenant-Colonel Eduard Leslie Strutt was sent into the personal custody of the king to escort the former Austrian Emperor Charles and his family to safety in Switzerland. In 1922 a Royal Navy ship was sent to Greece to rescue her cousins ​​Prince and Princess Andrew. Political upheaval continued as nationalists fought for independence in Ireland. George expressed his horror at the government-sanctioned killings and revenge against Prime Minister Lloyd George.

At the inaugural session of the Parliament of Northern Ireland on 22 June 1921, the King appealed for compromise in part of a speech prepared by General Jane Smuts and approved by Lloyd George. A few weeks later a ceasefire was agreed. The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed because of negotiations between Britain and Irish separatists. Ireland was divided by the end of 1922. The Irish Free State was established. And Lloyd George was out of office. The king and his advisors were concerned about the rise of socialism and the growing labor movement. Which he mistakenly linked to republicanism. The socialists no longer believed in their anti-monarchical slogans and were ready to agree to the monarchy if it took this first step.

George took a more democratic inclusive approach that crossed class lines. and brought the monarchy closer to the masses and the working class. There was a dramatic change for the king. which was most comfortable with the officers and landowners of the Navy. He had developed friendly relations with liberal Labor Party politicians and trade union officials. His abandonment of social isolation conditioned the behavior of the royal family and fueled its popularity during the economic crisis of the 1920s and for the next two generations. The years between 1922 and 1929 saw frequent changes in government.

In 1924 George appointed Ramsay Macdonald, the first Labor prime minister, in the absence of a clear majority from the three main parties. George’s first Labor government had dispelled doubts of party sympathies. During the general strike of 1926, King advised the Conservative Stanley Baldwin government to take provocative action. and rejected suggestions that the strikers were “revolutionary”. He was told to “try to live on his salary before doing justice”. In 1926, George organized an Imperial Conference in London. in which the Balfour Declaration acknowledged the development of the British Dominion into self-governing “autonomous communities in the British Empire, equal in status, not subordinate to each other in any way”.

The Westminster Act of 1931 formally formalized the Dominion’s legal independence. and established that the succession to the throne could not be changed unless it was approved by all the Dominion Parliaments as well as the Parliament at Westminster. The preamble to the law described the king as “a symbol of the free association of the members of the British Commonwealth of Nations”. who were “united by a common allegiance”. In the wake of the world financial crisis, King promoted the formation of a national government in 1931, led by McDonald and Baldwin. and had volunteered to reduce the citizen list to help balance the budget. He was concerned about Adolf Hitler and the rise of the Nazi Party to power in Germany.

In 1934 the king made it clear to the German ambassador Leopold von Hoch that Germany was now a threat to the world. And if Germany continues at its present rate, this war will happen in ten years. He warned the British ambassador in Berlin, Eric Phipps, to be suspicious of the Nazis. In 1932, George agreed to give a Royal Christmas speech on the radio. Which then became annual. He was basically not in favor of innovation. But agreed, arguing that he wanted his people.

By the silver jubilee of his reign in 1935, he had become a much-loved king. Joe responded to the applause of the crowd, saying, “I can’t figure it out, after all, I’m just a very normal kind of fellow.” George’s relationship with his eldest son and heir, Edward, deteriorated in later years. George was horrified by Edward’s failure to settle down in life and was horrified by his many dealings with married women. On the contrary, she was in love with her second son, Prince Albert (later George VI). and focused on his eldest granddaughter, Princess Elizabeth. He gave her the nickname “Lilibet”. And she affectionately called him “Grandfather England”.

In 1935 George said of his son Edward “after my death the boy would destroy himself within 12 months” and of Albert and Elizabeth “I pray to God that my eldest son will never marry And he won’t have children and nothing will come between Bertie and Lilibet and the throne.”

George V Marriage

As a young man serving in the Navy, Prince George served for many years under the command of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, stationed in Malta. There he fell in love with his cousin, Princess Mary of Teck of Edinburgh. His grandmother, father, and uncle had given permission for the match. But his mother and aunt – Princess of Wales and Duchess of Edinburgh Maria Alexandrovna – opposed this. The Princess of Wales felt that the family was pro-German. And the Duchess of Edinburgh disliked England. The Duchess, the only daughter of Alexander II of Russia, objected to her as the wife of the youngest son of the British sovereign, the Princess of Wales, mother of George whose father was a young German. was to be given priority.

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Before the prince was unexpectedly called to the Danish throne. When she proposed to George under the guidance of her mother, Mary refused. She married the future King of Romania, Ferdinand, in 1893. In November 1891, George’s elder brother Albert Victor ousted Princess Victoria Mary and became engaged to his second cousin. What was once known in the family as “May”. His parents were Francis, Duke of Teck and Princess Mary of Adelaide, granddaughter of King George III of Cambridge, and a first cousin of Queen Victoria.

Albert Victor died of pneumonia on 14 January 1892, six weeks after the formal engagement. George was left second in line to the throne. And his father’s success was likely. George had recovered from a serious illness after being bedridden for six weeks with typhoid fever. Who was believed to have killed his grandfather, Prince Albert? Queen Victoria still considered Princess May the perfect pair for her grandson. And George and May had grown closer during a shared period of mourning. George proposed to May a year after Albert Victor’s death. And it was accepted. They were married on 6 July 1893 at the Chapel Royal in St James’s Palace, London.

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Awards – honours

  • KG: Royal Knight of the Garter, 4 August 1884]
  • KT: Knight of the Thistle, 5 July 1893
  • ISO: Companion of the Imperial Service Order, 31 March 1903
  • GCSI: Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India, 28 September 1905
  • Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order (Hesse and by Rhine), 22 July 1885
  • Knight of the Order of the Elephant (Denmark), 11 October 1885
  • Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer
  • King Christian IX Jubilee Medal

George V Arms

As Duke of York, George’s hands were the royal arms. As with the insignia of the arms of Saxony, all three marks were distinct from the Argentinian label. The focal point was Anchor Blue. The anchor was removed from his coat of arms as was Prince of Wales. As king, he had taken up royal arms. In 1917 he removed the Saxony Inschuchen from the arms of all male descendants of the Prince Consort living in the United Kingdom.

Interesting Fact

  • On 2 August 1914, he forced the government to declare war on Germany. Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Gray said Britain needed to find an excuse to enter the conflict before Germany could crush France.
  • Although as Prince of Wales, he struggled to hide his hatred of socialism and the Liberal Party. As King George V, he kept his views a secret because of his position as constitutional monarch. His closest relationship with the politician was with his Labor Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald. King was instrumental in persuading McDonald’s to lead a coalition government during the financial crisis of 1931.
  • George Frederick Ernest Albert of the House of Sex-Coburg-Gotha was the second son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark. He was the grandson of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
  • Victoria Marie Augusta Louis Olga Pauline was the daughter of Claudine Agnes, Duke of Teck. People close to her were known as Princess May. She was chosen as a bridesmaid for George’s brother, Prince Albert, at the insistence of Queen Victoria. He died a few weeks before their wedding. And when she was in mourning. So he had caught the eye of his brother George. who proposed in 1893.

George V Declining health and death

The First World War had a devastating effect on George’s health. He was seriously injured on 28 October 1915 by being thrown by his horse during a military review in France. And his persistent shortness of breath was prolonged due to heavy smoking. He was suffering from chronic bronchitis. In 1925, on the instructions of his doctors, he was reluctantly sent on a healthy private cruise to the Mediterranean Sea. This was his third foreign trip after the war and his last.

In November 1928, he became seriously ill with septicemia. And for the next two years, his son Edward took over many of his duties. In 1929 the king rejected the suggestion of other concessions abroad “in a rather strong language”. Instead, he was retired for three months at Craigville House, Aldwick, a seaside resort in Bognor, Sussex. As a result of his stay, the city acquired the suffix “Regis”. Which is Latin for “kings”. George was never fully recovered. In his final year, he was sometimes given oxygen. He was deeply saddened by the death of his beloved sister Victoria in December 1935.

On the evening of 15 January 1936, the king was taken to his bedroom at Sandringham House with complaints of cold. He remained in the room till his death. By 20 January he was close to death. His physicians, led by Lord Dawson of Penn, issued a bulletin stating that “the life of the king is quietly coming to him.” Dawson’s personal diary was discovered after his death. and made public in 1986 shows that King’s last words, “God dead you!” Were. Raja died at 11:55 am.

FAQ

Q. What is the Ancestry of the King?

A. Ancestors of George V

Q. What is George V father’s name?

A. Edward VII

Q. What is the death date of George V?

A. 20 January 1936

Q. What was the disease of King George V?

A. He had difficulty breathing after a serious fall from a horse in 1915. His heavy smoking had done the damage. And by 1925 he was diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A few years later, he became seriously ill with an inflammatory disease.

Q. Who became the successor of King George V?

A. Edward VIII

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